Physical impairment is a disability that limits a person’s physical capacity to move, coordinate actions, or perform physical activities. It is also accompanied by difficulties in one or more of the following areas: physical and motor tasks, independent movement; performing daily living functions.
Orthopedically Impaired ( OI )
A severe skeletal, muscular, or neuromuscular impairment which adversely affects a child’s educational performance, and includes impairments resulting from congenital anomaly, disease and other causes ( e.g. cerebral palsy, amputations, and fractures or burns that cause contractures). A student is eligible if the student has an orthopedic impairment which significantly limits the student’s ability to move about, sit to manipulate the material required for learning or if it affects ambulation, posture or body use necessary in school work.
Other Health Impaired ( OHI )
Having limited strength, vitality, or alertness due to chronic or acute health problems such a heart condition, tuberculosis, rheumatic fever, nephritis, asthma, sickle cell anemia, hemophilia, epilepsy, lead poisoning, leukemia, or diabetes that adversely affect a child’s educational performance. A student is eligible if the student has a health impairment which results in reduced efficiency in school work because of temporary or chronic lack of strength, vitality or alertness.
Traumatic Brain Injury ( TBI )
An acquired injury to the brain caused by external physical force resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects educational performance. The term includes open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more of the following areas: The term includes anoxia due to trauma. The term does not include brain injuries that are congenital, degenerative, or induced by birth trauma. A student is eligible if the student has acquired an external injury to the brain as documented by a medical report; AND has significant difficulty requiring an adaption to the school routine, school environment, or curriculum in one of the following areas: cognition, language, memory, attention, reasoning, abstract thinking, judgment, problem-solving, sensory, perceptual and motor abilities, psychosocial behavior, physical functions, information processing, or speech.